Precancer

Oral cancer is sometimes preceded by clinically visible lesions which are non cancerous to begin with. Not all precancerous lesions progress to cancer, nor all cancers necessarily originate from such lesions.

These lesions are clinically recognizable and provide an important opportunity for intervention in the prevention of oral cancer. Diagnosing these at an early stage will help us in preventing the bigger cancer also at an early stage.

TYPICAL SIGNS

Cancer

POSSIBLE WARNING SIGNS

  • Non healing ulcer of the oral cavity.
  • Lump or thickening of oral soft tissue.
  • Soreness or “lump” in throat.
  • Difficulty in chewing or swallowing.
  • Difficulty moving jaw or tongue.
  • Swelling of the jaw.
  • Numbness of tongue or mouth.
  • Hoarseness or Ear pain.

Diagnosis

Approaches to early detection of Oral Precancer & Cancer

  • Oral cancer screening program that identifies asymptomatic patients with suspicious lesions.
  • Employing specially designed tools to identify precancer and early oral cancer in asymptomatic patients with oral abnormality.

EXFOLIATIVE CYTOLOGY

EXFOLIATIVE CYTOLOGY is simply scrapping of the superficial tissue of the suspected area and observing it under the microscope. A non-invasive, in expensive and easy procedure for early detection.

Oral Brush Biopsy (Oral CDx)

  • Oral CDx identifies ABNORMALITIES in common spots that often have no suspicious clinical features.
  • Sensitivity and specificity well over 90%


BIOPSY

  • Biopsy and subsequent histological examination have been the cornerstone for diagnosing oral diseases.
  • Biopsy remains the last resort for final diagnosis

Counseling and Treatment Modalities

PERSONAL

We make a sincere efforts to understand the patients need to use tobacco.

The patient will be helped and advised by various methods on a regular basis until the patient reduces the frequency of the habit substantially.

The patient is helped and advised to quit the use of tobacco in any form, to achieve this various innovative methods are utilized.

 

AGENTS WHICH HELPS IN QUITTING TOBACCO HABIT


NICOTINE GUM

  • Delivers small dose of nicotine via chewing gum.
  • This method also helps the patient psychologically as the patient is used to having something in the mouth.

NICOTINE PATCHES

  • Transdermal nicotine patches deliver small doses of the addictive chemical nicotine, slowly reducing dependence upon nicotine and thus tobacco.
  • This method becomes most effective when combined with other medication and psychological support.

NICOTINE LOZENGES

  • Provides a small dose of nicotine allowing easy withdrawal from nicotine.
  • Acts better when used in conjunction with nicotine patches.

Several drugs are also available which assist in quitting the tobacco habit