Oral cancer or mouth cancer, a subtype of head and neck cancer, is any cancerous tissue growth located in the oral cavity. It may arise as a primary lesion originating in any of the oral tissues or by metastasis from a distant site of origin, or by extension from a neighboring anatomic structure, such as the nasal cavity. There are several types of oral cancers, but around 90% are squamous cell carcinomas, originating in the tissues that line the mouth and lips. Oral or mouth cancer most commonly involves the tongue. It may also occur on the floor of the mouth, cheek lining, gingiva (gums), lips, or palate (roof of the mouth). Cancer is the result of uncontrolled cell growth. Every cancer is unique and has its own properties of growth and genetic changes. Oral cancer ranks 11th in frequency and 13th in cancer specific mortality. 5 year survival for localized malignancy is 76%. 5 year survival for metastatic malignancy is 19%.

Who is at risk?

  • Young and middle aged adults with habits
  • Potentially Malignant Disorders
  • Immunosuppression
  • HPV infections
  • Previously diagnosed cases